Subject Area Keywords

Al-Qaida, Armed groups, Asymmetric warfare, Counterterrorism, National security, Radicalization, Religious violence, Science and technology & security, Terrorism / counterterrorism, Violent extremism, Weapons of mass destruction


This work was supported by Sandia National Laboratories, Contract #1525332. Any opinions, findings, conclusions and recommendations in this issue are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect views of Sandia National Laboratories or the U.S. Department of Energy.


Editor’s Note: This article forms part of a series of related case studies collected in this Special Issue and should be viewed in the context of the broader phenomenon of complex engineering by violent non-state actors. Readers are advised to consult the introductory and concluding papers for a full explanation and comparative analysis of the cases.

Recommended Citation

Littlewood, Jez. “Foreword to the Special Issue on Complex Engineering by Violent Non-State Actors.” Journal of Strategic Security 9, no. 1 (2016): i-iii.
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Journal of Strategic Security